Calligraphy: the art of "elegant handwriting"
Islamic calligraphy, described by Islamic scholars as
"a spiritual geometry revealed by physical tools",
is perhaps the clearest example of the influence of
Islam on art, where the need to write the Koran caused
the art form to be born. Here was a way to enrich surfaces
such as paper, ceramics, cloths, metals and glass with
text that was both geometrical (read "in harmony")
and could be shaped and configured to resemble physical
objects. In the 15th century, the calligrapher Sheih
Hamdullah gave a new originality to this art form, where
script and geometrical art forms are interlaced to produce
a unique effect.